“The fascists can’t stop us!” — Judy Richardson at Teach Truth Rally

In her remarks at the Teach Truth Day of Action in Washington, DC, SNCC veteran Judy Richardson explains why she chose Hands on the Freedom Plow to donate to the “contraband book drive.” This was one of close to 100 actions around the United States. Richardson is on the board of the SNCC Legacy Project, one of the more than 50 organizational cosponsors of the day of action. The SNCC Legacy Project issued a statement on the recent attacks on education.

Judy RichardsonHands on the Freedom Plow is the kind of book that those like Gov. DeSantis and way too many others want to ban.

Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC includes the personal accounts of 52 SNCC women — women like Diane Nash and Bernice Johnson Reagon (founder of Sweet Honey in the Rock) and Joyce Ladner and Dottie Zellner and Maria Varela. Women in SNCC who were mainly in their late teens when they were making what John Lewis, SNCC’s chair, called: “Good trouble.” And… these women were not just the troops — they were the leaders — in the expansion of democracy that was the Civil Rights Movement.

Our book shows that regular folks really can organize to change the racist, anti-gay, anti-human conditions we face.

In Hands on the Freedom Plow you hear directly from SNCC women. They talk about their own experiences, including the influence of local leaders — like Mrs. Gray in Hattiesburg and Mama Dolly Raines in Southwest Georgia, and Gloria Richardson in Cambridge, Maryland — strong local leaders who guided and guarded us. These are empowering stories — for all young people! And because they’re empowering — these are the stories the fascists don’t want you to teach.

Hands on the Freedom Plow in D.C. 10/5/10
Hands on the Freedom Plow editors and contributors spoke to a packed house at Busboys and Poets on Oct. 5, 2010, co-hosted by Teaching for Change in Washington, DC.

In 1964, when Frank [Smith] and I were in Mississippi with SNCC, it was SNCC’s Charlie Cobb who came up with the idea of Freedom Schools. We wanted to overturn the way Mississippi — and much of the country, South and North — taught history. In the South, the Civil War was referred to as “The War of Northern Aggression” (probably still is in some places).

In the North, it was taught that only the South had enslavement. And when I learned about Reconstruction — growing up in suburban Tarrytown, New York, just 45 miles north of New York City — I learned about it in my AP history class, where I was the only Black student.

The three paragraphs on Reconstruction were in a textbook that only used illustrations taken directly from the Klansman — the book on which that horrible, white supremacist film, Birth of a Nation, was based. I and my white classmates didn’t learn about all the incredible reforms mandated by those Reconstruction state legislatures, including free public education that was made available, not just to Black people, but to poor white children, who’d previously been denied it.

No! Both I and my white classmates were taught that Reconstruction was corrupt and dysfunctional. The message was clear: this is what happens when Black folks are placed in any position of power. My white classmates looked over their shoulders at me… and I couldn’t even look up from my desk. I was so embarrassed.

White supremacists say they want to protect their children from feeling bad about racism. What about the pain Black children have felt for decades as we were consistently fed lies and distortions about this country’s history?

That’s what DeSantis and Abbott and the Moms for Liberty and the whole kit and caboodle of them want to take us back to: a time when the history was even more whitewashed, so we don’t have the facts — the truth — that will help us make sense of the issues we’re dealing with today.

Now, we know white supremacists don’t want Black and brown young people to know this history. But they also don’t want white children to know this history: to know about the many ways vibrant Black and brown communities were decimated, to know about systemic racism, and about the ways those communities continue to organize against those injustices. About the fact that state legislators who deny Medicaid expansion are hurting more white people than Black people.

Because then those white children will start to wonder what other lies they’ve been told… what other history has been hidden from them. And once their own children begin questioning, that genie can’t be put back in the bottle. I remember when I taught at Brown University. Students would come up to me in class and tell me that they’d gone to the best schools, but they hadn’t been taught the history they were learning in my class. And they were mad!

And that’s why white supremacists are so frightened and so violent. They know they’re losing.

They also know that if young people — children of color and white children — see themselves in this history — in Ruby Doris Smith Robinson and Julian Bond and Anne Braden and Betty Garman Robinson and Maria Varela — then they’ll know that they can change things, too — just like the youth leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. That’s why young people like Maxwell Alejandro Frost and Justin Jones and Justin Pearson and Ash-Lee Woodard and so many other young activists have grounded themselves in this history — the truth-telling history… and been energized by it.

First meeting of what became SNCC
SNCC Staff singing a Freedom Song in SNCC’s National office (Atlanta, 1963). They are wearing coats because there was no heat. L-R: Mike Sayer, MacArthur Cotton, James Forman, Rick Manning, Marion Barry, Lester McKinnie, Mike Thelwell, Lawrence Guyot, Eric Jones, John Lewis (behind Jones), Julian Bond (far right rear with cigarette), Judy Richardson, Jean Wheeler. [Photo: Danny Lyon]

I’ll quote Ella Baker, the legendary organizer and SNCC’s mentor. She was the person who called the young sit-in students together at her alma mater, Shaw University, for that first meeting of what became SNCC… and Frank was there. At that first meeting she tells the students they’re not just fighting to integrate lunch counters so they can eat a hamburger there… that’s nothing. They’re fighting so folks have enough money to afford the hamburger — and she means everyone, because it’s always about the expansion of rights for everyone. It was always about economic justice.

So… Ms. Baker said: “I’m part of the human family. What the human family will accomplish, I can’t control. But… somewhere down the line the numbers increase, the tribe increases. So how do you keep on? I can’t help it… I believe that the struggle is eternal. Somebody else carries on.”

And that’s the truth. And that’s why the fascists can’t stop us! It’s why the fascists won’t win!

Judy Richardson is a veteran of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, an educator and filmmaker. She worked on the 14-hour Eyes on the Prize series as series associate producer and director of education, directed Scarred Justice: The Orangeburg Massacre 1968, co-directed two NEH teacher institutes, and was co-editor of Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. She is currently directing a film on Frederick Douglass for the National Park Service’s Cedar Hill visitor center in Washington, DC.

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Teaching Activities (free)

Teaching SNCC
Teaching SNCC: The Organization at the Heart of the Civil Rights Revolution

Teaching Activity. By Adam Sanchez. Rethinking Schools. 24 pages.
A series of role plays that explore the history and evolution of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, including freedom rides and voter registration.

Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC includes the testimonies of 52 women

Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC includes the testimonies of 52 women – southern and northern; urban and rural; Black, white, and Latina – who share their courageous stories of organizing with SNCC on the front lines of the Civil Rights Movement. The editors – 3 Black, 3 white – spent 15 years gathering and editing these stories. As one contributor said: “In SNCC I felt I could do anything I was big enough to do.” The book is now available in hardback, paper and as an e-book (Univ. of Ill. Press).

The Collection of 19 Hands On The Freedom Plow Interviews

Books: Non-Fiction

Hands On The Freedom Plow

Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC

Book — Non-fiction. Edited by Faith S. Holsaert, Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner. 2010. 616 pages. An unprecedented women’s history of the Civil Rights Movement, from sit-ins to Black Power.


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